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Labour Relations Act, 1995 (Act No. 66 of 1995)

Chapter IX : General Provisions

198D. General provisions applicable to sections 198A to 198C



(1) Any dispute arising from the interpretation or application of sections 198A, 198B and 198C may be referred to the Commission or a bargaining council with jurisdiction for conciliation and, if not resolved, to arbitration.


(2) For the purposes of sections 198A(5), 198B(8) and 198C(3)(a), a justifiable reason includes that the different treatment is a result of the application of a system that takes into account—
(a) seniority, experience or length of service;
(b) merit;
(c) the quality or quantity of work performed; or
(d) any other criteria of a similar nature,

and such reason is not prohibited by section 6(1) of the Employment Equity Act, 1998 (Act No. 55 of 1998).


(3) A party to a dispute contemplated in subsection (1), other than a dispute about a dismissal in terms of section 198A(4), may refer the dispute, in writing, to the Commission or to the bargaining council, within six months after the act or omission concerned.


(4) The party that refers a dispute must satisfy the Commission or the bargaining council that a copy of the referral has been served on every party to the dispute.


(5) If the dispute remains unresolved after conciliation, a party to the dispute may refer it to the Commission or to the bargaining council for arbitration within 90 days.


(6) The Commission or the bargaining council may at any time, permit a party that shows good cause to, refer a dispute after the relevant time limit set out in subsection (3) or (5).


[Section 198D inserted by section 38 of Act No. 6 of 2014]