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Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act No. 85 of 1993)

Explosives Regulations, 2002

5. Non-detonatable and non-sensitised explosives

 

 

1) Ammonium nitrate fertilizers shall be manufactured in such a way that the constituents cannot be separated mechanically from one another.

 

2) Mixtures of ammonium nitrate with calcium carbonate, or dolomite, or calcium carbonate and dolomite, shall be manufactured in such a way that the calcium carbonate or dolomite is incorporated in the pills or granules of the mixture and shall be approved, in writing, by the chief inspector of explosives.

 

3) Every person or concern manufacturing non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives may apply to the chief inspector of occupational health and safety for exemption from these regulations with the exception of regulation 5.

 

4) Application for exemption from these regulations is subject to the conditions that the chief inspector of occupational health and safety may stipulate for the safe manufacture, storage, testing and handling of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives.

 

5) The basis for the safe manufacture of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives referred to in subregulation (4) shall include provision for the following safety measures
a) Access control measures and equipment at the entry to the workplace area where the non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives are manufactured, tested or stored shall restrict access to the manufacturing, testing and storage areas to authorised persons only
b) Unauthorised access to manufacturing operations shall not be allowed, and measures and equipment to prevent access to potentially hazardous areas shall be provided
c) The following controls shall be in place at the separator stage in non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives manufacture –
i) Temperature control:
ii) pH control;
iii) An inventory dumping system;
iv) Control of process steam temperature and pressure; and
v) Procedures to prevent unsafe confinement of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives during operation or cleaning activities:
d) The following controls shall be in place at the storage and pumping stage in non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives manufacture -
i) Interlocks that are able to trip:
ii) Temperature control in heated storage tanks; and
iii) Tank level control;
e) The following controls shall be in place during evaporation and heating of non-detonable or non-sensitised explosives for prilling and granulation –
i) Temperature control;
ii) pH control;
iii) An inventory dumping system: and
iv) Control of process steam temperature and pressure;
f) Procedures to manage unsafe confinement of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives during operation or cleaning activities shall be in place;
g) Control of contaminants and additives and unsafe accumulation of such substances shall be prevented;
h) Controls of contaminants shall be in place during prilling or granulation:
i) Control of reducing components in the drying air shall be in place;
j) The construction materials in all processes shall be checked for compatibility with non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives with respect to corrosion and potential sensitising effects in the process;
k) The following control during the storage and packing stages of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives shall be in place –
i) Control over use of combustible materials inside and close to storage areas;
ii) Control over use of liquid fuels and vehicles in storage areas:
iii) Control of mechanical condition of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives transport and storage equipment;
iv) Control of potential contamination in non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives transport containers;
v) Controls for appropriate fire-fighting equipment;
vi) Control of pH in solution storage; and
vii) Prevention of unsafe confinement of non-detonatable or non-sensitised explosives.