National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 107 of 1998)
Environmental Management Plan : Department of Labour
Chapter 4 : Environmental Management Policies
4.5. Major Hazard Installation Regulations
"Major hazard installation" within these regulations refers to "an installation where any substance is produced, processed, used, handled or stored in such a form and quantity that it has the potential to cause a major incident", where major incident "means an occurrence of catastrophic proportions, resulting from the use of plant and machinery, or from activities at a workplace."
These regulations are applicable to employers, self-employed persons and users, who have on their premises, either permanently or temporarily an installation or a quantity of a substance which can pose a significant risk of resulting in a major incident, that could affect the health and safety of persons outside the premises. These regulations are in the process of being reviewed.
These regulations require employers to undertake a risk assessment of the major hazard installation. Some of the components which the risk assessment should include are:
|•||general process description of the major hazard installation;|
|•||description of the major incidents associated with this type of installation and the consequences of such incidents, which shall include potential incidents;|
|•||an estimation of the probability of a major incident;|
|•||a copy of the on site emergency plan in the case of toxic release, an estimation of concentration effects of such release;|
|•||the potential effect of a major incident on any other installation, members of the public, which includes all persons outside the premises of the major hazard installation and on residential areas;|
|•||the suitability of existing emergency procedures, for the risks identified;|
|•||any requirements as laid down in terms of the Environmental Conservation Act (Act 73 of 1989).|
These regulations require that an on site emergency plan is compiled and is readily available for implementation at all times.
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