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Hazardous Substances Act, 1973 (Act No. 15 of 1973)

1. Definitions

 

 

In this Act, unless the context otherwise indicates--

 

"advertisement"

in relation to any grouped hazardous substance, means any written, pictorial, visual or other descriptive matter or verbal statement, communication, representation or reference--

a) appearing in a newspaper or other publication;
b) distributed to members of the public; or
c) brought to the notice of members of the public in any manner,

and which is intended to promote the sale or encourage the use of such a substance; and "advertise" has a corresponding meaning;

 

"analyst"

means a person appointed as such under section 10(1);

 

"appliance"

means the whole or any part of any implement, machine, instrument, apparatus or other object used or capable of being used for, in or in connection with the manufacture, treatment, packing, labelling, storage, conveyance, preparation, serving or administering of any grouped hazardous substance;

 

"describe"

includes advertise or label;

 

"Director-General"

means the Director-General: National Health and Population Development;

 

"dump"

in relation to a grouped hazardous substance, means deposit, discharge, spill, release or cause or permit to be deposited, discharged, spilled or released (whether or not the substance in question is enclosed in a container), in such a place, under such circumstances or for such a period that the person depositing, discharging, spilling, or releasing or causing or permitting it to be deposited, discharged, spilled, or released, may reasonably be assumed to have abandoned it; and "dumping" has a corresponding meaning;

 

"electronic product"

means--

a) any manufactured product which, when in operation, contains or acts as part of an electronic circuit; and--
i) emits (or in the absence of effective shielding or other controls would emit) electronic product radiation; or
ii) would, as a result of the failure or breakdown of any built-in safety measure or shielding, pose an electrical, mechanical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or other hazard, or cause excessive temperature, excessive pressure or ignition of flammable material, which may cause injury, ill-health or death to human beings; or
b) any manufactured article which is intended for use as a component, part or accessory of a product described in paragraph (a) and which, when in operation--
i) emits (or in the absence of effective shielding or other controls would emit) such radiation; or
ii) would, as a result of the failure or breakdown of any built-in safety measures or shielding, pose an electrical, mechanical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or other hazard, or cause excessive temperature, excessive pressure or ignition of flammable material, which may cause injury, ill-health or death to human beings;

 

"electronic product radiation"

means--

a) any ionizing or non-ionizing electro-magnetic or particulate radiation; or
b) any sonic, infrasonic or ultrasonic wave which is emitted from an electronic product as the result of the operation of an electric circuit in such product;

 

"grouped hazardous substance"

means any Group IV hazardous substance and any substance, mixture of substances, product or material declared in terms of section 2(1) to be a hazardous substance of any kind;

 

"Group I, Group II or Group III hazardous substance"

means a substance, mixture of substances, product or material declared in terms of section 2(1) to be a Group I, Group II or Group III hazardous substance, respectively;

 

"Group IV hazardous substance"

means radioactive material which is outside a nuclear installation as defined in the Nuclear Energy Act, 1993, and is not a material which forms part of or is used or intended to be used in the nuclear fuel cycle, and--

a) has an activity concentration of more than 100 becquerels per gram and a total activity of more than 4 000 becquerels; or
b) has an activity concentration of 100 becquerels or less per gram or a total activity of 4 000 becquerels or less and which the Minister has by notice in the Gazette declared to be a Group IV hazardous substance,

and which is used or intended to be used for medical, scientific, agricultural, commercial or industrial purposes, and any radioactive waste arising from such radioactive material;

 

"import"

means import into the Republic by any means; and "importation" has a corresponding meaning;

 

"importer"

includes any person who, whether as owner, consignor, consignee, agent or broker, is in possession of or in any way entitled to the custody or control of any grouped hazardous substance imported;

 

"import harbour"

[deleted by section 1(b) of Act No. 31 of 1981];

 

"inspector"

means a person appointed as such under section 8(1), and includes any person who may, in terms of section 8(3), exercise or perform the powers, duties and functions of such an inspector;

 

"label"

when used as a noun, means any brand or mark or any written, pictorial or other descriptive matter appearing on or attached to or packed with any grouped hazardous substance or its package, and referring to such substance, and, when used as a verb, means brand or mark or attach or provide in any other manner with, any written, pictorial or other descriptive matter;

 

"licence"

means any licence issued in terms of section 4;

 

"local authority"

means a municipal institution and includes an institution or body with functions similar to those of a municipal institution;

 

"manufacture"

when used as a noun, includes assembly, production, preparation, processing, repair or any other manufacturing or maintenance process and, when used as a verb, has a corresponding meaning;

 

"Minister"

means the Minister of National Health;

 

"package"

means anything by or in which any substance is covered, enclosed, contained or packed;

 

"premises"

means land or any building or other structure and includes any train, boat, ship, aircraft or other vehicle;

 

"prescribed"

means prescribed by regulation;

 

"radio-active material"

[deleted by s. 1(j) of Act No. 53 of 1992];

 

"regulation"

means a regulation made under this Act;

 

"sealed package"

means an unopened package which cannot be opened without breaking or damaging such package or any seal, adhesive label or other part of or attachment to such package;

 

"Secretary"

[deleted by s. 1(d) of Act No. 31 of 1981];

 

"sell"

includes offer, advertise, keep, display, transmit, consign, convey or deliver for sale, or exchange, or dispose of to any person in any manner, whether for a consideration or otherwise, or manufacture or import for use in the Republic; and "selling" and "sale'' have a corresponding meaning;

 

"this Act"

includes any regulation.