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National Water Act, 1998

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To provide for fundamental reform of the law relating to water resources; to repeal certain laws; and to provide for matters connected therewith.


Last update: September 2016

Copyright: This Act reproduced under Government Printers Copyright Authority 10154 dated 20 March 1996

Disclaimer: This Act is presented "as is". Please read our Disclaimer before continuing.


Latest Developments:


The National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998) has been amended by Revision of General Authorisation for the Taking and Storing of Water, Notice 538 of 2016, Government Gazette 40243, dated 2 September 2016.


The National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998) has been amended by Government Gazette 33458, dated 17 August 2010 – Notice 711; Restrictions on the use of agricultural water within quaternary drainage areas K20A, K1 DE, K10F and K1 DB in the Western Cape Province


This Act has been updated with Regulation No R. 810 in Government Gazette No. 33541 dated 17 September 2010.


The Act has been updated with two Notices regarding "Extension of Time Period of General Authorisations in term of Section 39", published in Government Gazette No. 32013 dated 20 March 2009.


The National Water Act has been updated by the addition of Regulations published in Government Gazette No. 30427 dated 31 October 2007.


Various amendments have been made to the Act by the National Water Amendment Act, 1999, as published in Gazette 20706 and came into operation on the 6 December 1999.

The Establishment of a Pricing Strategy for Raw Water Use Charges, dated 12 November 1999, has been added to the Act, as published in Gazette 20615.As well as the Regulations requiring that a Water Use be Registered, as published in Gazette 20606, dated 12 November 1999.

Notice No. 1191 dated 8 October 1999, regarding General Authorisations in terms of Section 36 of the Act, has been added to the Act, as published in Government Gazette 20526.

It has been determined that the 1st of October 1999 is the date on which the remaining sections of the Act will came into effect, namely, sections 33(4), 37, 38, 40-42, 56-60 and 163(1) (the remaining items of Schedule 7).

NB: The period for transformation into a Water User Association by Irrigation Boards in terms of section 98(4) of the National Water Act, 1998 has been extended from 31 August 1999 to 29 February 2000.