Employment Equity Act, 1998 (Act No. 55 of 1998)
Chapter I : Definitions, Purpose, Interpretation and Application
In this Act, unless the context otherwise indicates—
"Basic Conditions of Employment Act"
means the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 (Act No. 75 of 1997);
is a generic term which means Africans, Coloureds and Indians;
means the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration, established by section 112 of the Labour Relations Act;
"code of good practice"
means a document issued by the Minister in terms of section 54;
means a written agreement concerning terms and conditions of employment or any other matter of mutual interest concluded by one or more registered trade unions, on the one hand and, on the other hand—
|(a)||one or more employers;|
|(b)||one or more registered employers' organisations; or|
|(c)||one or more employers and one or more registered employers' organisations; "Commission" means the Commission for Employment Equity, established by section 28;|
means the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act No. 108 of 1996);
|(a)||an employer who employs 50 or more employees;|
|(b)||an employer who employs fewer that 50 employees, but has a total annual turnover that is equal to or above the applicable annual turnover of a small business in terms of Schedule 4 to this Act;|
|(c)||a municipality, as referred to in Chapter 7 of the Constitution;|
|(d)||an organ of state as defined in section 239 of the Constitution, but excluding the National Defence Force, the National Intelligence Agency and the South African Secret Service; and|
[Paragraph (d) amended by section 1(a) of Act No. 47 of 2013]
|(e)||an employer bound by a collective agreement in terms of section 23 or 31 of the Labour Relations Act, which appoints it as a designated employer in terms of this Act, to the extent provided for in the agreement;|
means black people, women and people with disabilities, who—
|(a)||are citizens of the Republic of south Africa by birth or descent; or|
|(b)||became citizens of the Republic of South Africa by naturalisation—|
|(i)||before 27 April 1994; or|
|(ii)||after 26 April 1994 and who would have been entitled to acquire citizenship by naturalisation prior to that date but who were precluded by apartheid policies;|
[Definition amended by section 1(b) of Act No. 47 of 2013]
means the Director-General of the Department of Labour;
has the meaning assigned to it in section 186 of the Labour Relations Act;
includes an alleged dispute;
means any person other than an independent contractor who—
|(a)||works for another person or for the State and who receives, or is entitled to receive, any remuneration; and|
|(b)||in any manner assists in carrying on or conducting the business of an employer,|
and "employed" and "employment" have corresponding meanings;
means any provision of this Act or any of the following Acts—
|(a)||The Unemployment Insurance Act, 1966 (Act No. 30 of 1966);|
|(b)||the Guidance and Placement Act, 1981 (Act No. 62 of 1981);|
|(c)||the Manpower Training Act, 1981 (Act No. 56 of 1981);|
|(d)||the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act No. 85 of 1993);|
|(e)||the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 1993 (Act No. 130 of 1993);|
|(f)||the Labour Relations Act, 1995 (Act No. 66 of 1995);|
|(g)||the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 (Act No. 75 of 1997);|
|(h)||any other Act, whose administration has been assigned to the Minister.|
"employment policy or practice"
includes, but is not limited to—
|(a)||recruitment procedures, advertising and selection criteria;|
|(b)||appointments and the appointment process;|
|(c)||job classification and grading;|
|(d)||remuneration, employment benefits and terms and conditions of employment;|
|(f)||the working environment and facilities;|
|(g)||training and development;|
|(h)||performance evaluation systems;|
|(l)||disciplinary measures other than dismissal; and|
means the responsibility of employees in relation to their spouse or partner, their dependent children or other members of their immediate family who need their care or support;
means the Human Immunodeficiency Virus;
means a person appointed in terms of section 63 of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act;
[Definition amended by section 1(c) of Act No. 47 of 2013]
"Labour Relations Act"
means the Labour Relations Act, 1995 (Act No. 66 of 1995);
includes any test, question, inquiry or other means designed to ascertain, or which has the effect of enabling the employer to ascertain, whether an employee has any medical condition;
means the Minister of Labour;
means the National Economic, Development and Labour Council established by section 2 of the National Economic, Development and Labour Council Act, 1994 (Act No. 35 of 1994);
"organ of state"
means an organ of state as defined in section 239 of the Constitution;
"people with disabilities"
means people who have a long-term or recurring physical or mental impairment which substantially limits their prospects of entry into, or advancement in, employment;
includes intended pregnancy, termination of pregnancy and any medical circumstances related to pregnancy;
means prescribed by a regulation made under section 55;
means the public service referred to in section 1(1) of the Public Service Act, 1994 (promulgated by Proclamation No. 103 of 1994), and includes any organisational component contemplated in section 7(4) of that Act and specified in the first column of Schedule 2 to that Act, but excluding—
|(a)||the National Defence Force,|
|(b)||the National Intelligence Agency,|
|(c)||the South African Secret Service, and|
|(d)||the South African National Academy of Intelligence.|
means any modification or adjustment to a job or to the working environment that will enable a person from a designated group to have access to or participate or advance in employment;
"registered employers' organisation"
means an employers' organisation as defined in section 213 of the Labour Relations Act and registered in terms of section 96 of that Act;
"registered trade union"
means a trade union as defined in section 213 of the Labour Relations Act and registered in terms of section 96 of that Act;
means any payment in money or in kind, or both in money and in kind, made or owing to any person in return for that person working for any other person, including the State;
"representative trade union"
means a registered trade union, or two or more registered trade unions acting jointly, that are sufficiently representative of the employees employed by an employer in a workplace;
means the Republic of South Africa as defined in the Constitution;
"serve" or "submit"
in relation to any communication, means either—
|(a)||to send it in writing delivered by hand or registered post;|
|(b)||to transmit it using any electronic mechanism as a result of which the recipient is capable of printing the communication; or|
|(c)||to send or transmit it in any other prescribed manner;|
[Definition amended by section 1(d) of Act No. 47 of 2013]
"suitably qualified person"
means a person contemplated in sections 20(3) and (4);
includes any regulations made under section 55, but excludes any footnote;
"trade union representative"
means a member of a registered trade union who is elected to represent employees in a workplace;
means a workplace forum established in terms of Chapter V of the Labour Relations Act.
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