National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act No. 25 of 1999)
Chapter II : Protection and Management of Heritage Resources
Part 1 : Formal protections
31. Heritage areas
|A planning authority must at the time of revision of a town or regional planning scheme, or the compilation or revision of a spatial plan, or at the initiative of the provincial heritage resources authority where in the opinion of the provincial heritage resources authority the need exists, investigate the need for the designation of heritage areas to protect any place of environmental or cultural interest.
|Where the provincial heritage resources authority is of the opinion that the need exists to protect a place of environmental or cultural interest as a heritage area, it may request a planning authority to investigate its designation in accordance with proposals submitted by the provincial heritage resources authority with its request. The planning authority must inform the provincial heritage resources authority within 60 days of receipt of such a request whether it is willing or able to comply with the request.
|Where the planning authority informs the provincial heritage resources authority that it is willing and able, the provincial heritage resources authority must assist the planning authority to investigate the designation of the place as a heritage area.
|Where the planning authority does not so inform the provincial heritage resources authority, or informs the provincial heritage resources authority that it is not so willing and able, the provincial heritage resources authority may investigate the designation of the place as a heritage area and, with the approval of the MEC, designate such place to be a heritage area by notice in the Provincial Gazette.
|A local authority may, by notice in the Provincial Gazette, designate any area or land to be a heritage area on the grounds of its environmental or cultural interest or the presence of heritage resources, provided that prior to such designation it shall consult—
|the provincial heritage resources authority; and
|owners of property in the area and any affected community, regarding inter alia the provisions to be established under subsection (7) for the protection of the area.
|The MEC may, after consultation with the MEC responsible for local government, publish regulations setting out the process of consultation referred to in subsection (5).
|A local authority must provide for the protection of a heritage area through the provisions of its planning scheme or by-laws under this Act, provided that any such protective provisions shall be jointly approved by the provincial heritage resources authority, the provincial planning authority and the local authority, and provided further that—
|the special consent of the local authority shall be required for any alteration or development affecting a heritage area;
|in assessing an application under paragraph (a) the local authority must consider the significance of the area and how this could be affected by the proposed alteration or development; and
|in the event of any alteration or development being undertaken in a heritage area without the consent of the local authority, it shall have the power to require the owner to stop such work instantly and restore the site to its previous condition within a specified period. If the owner fails to comply with the requirements of the local authority, the local authority shall have the right to carry out such restoration work itself and recover the cost thereof from the owner.
|A local authority may erect signage indicating its status at or near a heritage area.
|Particular places within a heritage area may, in addition to the general provisions governing the area, be afforded further protection in terms of this Act or other heritage legislation.
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