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South African Schools Act, 1996 (Act No. 84 of 1996)


Regulations for the Conduct, Administration and Management of Assessment for the Senior Certificate, 2005

Chapter 11 : Examination/Assessment Irregularities

50. Assessment irregularities that occur during the internal assessment process


(1) Irregularities involving learners during Internal assessment may include the following:
(a) A candidate who refuses to abide by any or all of the minimum requirements in respect of the compilation of a mark for Internal assessment in a subject, with no valid reason. The School’s Assessment Irregularities Committee (SAIC) must approve the validity of the reason presented;
(b) A candidate who presents work that is not his or her original work. This may take various forms and may include the following:
(i) Copying verbatim from another source. In this case, if the teacher is suspicious and has evidence of sections or the complete assignment or project being lifted verbatim from another source, this must be declared an irregularity;
(ii) An assignment/project that is not his or her own effort. This may have been completed by another learner, his or her parent, or purchased;
(iii) Reproduction of an assignment or project from another learner and there is evidence of such copying;
(iv) Work that has been previously presented and for which credits were received, which could either be his or her own effort or that of another individual;
(v) The whole or part of a portfolio that is not his or her own, but that of another learner from the same school/learning institution or another school/learning institution; and
(vi) A candidate who resorts to any dishonest act to mislead the educator in terms of the authenticity/originality of the portfolio presented.
(c) A candidate who, in respect of a component of a mark for Internal assessment that is completed under controlled conditions does the following:
(i) Creates a disturbance or intimidates others, or behaves in an improper or unseemly manner despite a warning;
(ii) Is drunk or behaves in a disorderly manner;
(iii) Disregards the arrangements or reasonable instructions of the educator despite a warning; or
(iv) Continues to disregard assessment regulations despite a warning.


(2) Irregularities involving teachers/educators and other assessment officials during Internal assessment (CASS/SBA) may occur during the following stages at the school or learning institution:
(a) The compilation of the mark for Internal assessment;
(b) The monitoring or moderation of the mark achieved in respect of Internal assessment;
(c) The capturing and processing of data; and
(d) Investigations in respect of suspected Internal assessment irregularities.


(3) The assessment irregularities may include the following:
(a) The teacher wilfully and intentionally, without a valid reason, fails to satisfy the requirements or excludes one or more assessment tasks from the compilation of the final assessment marks;
(b) The teacher alters, in other words, either decreases or increases the marks of candidates without the approval of the Internal Moderator or head of the institution;
(c) The teacher wilfully provides assistance to a learner that advantages a learner unfairly in comparison to other learners; and
(d) The teacher collaborates with a candidate who presents the whole or part of the portfolio that is not his or her own work.