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GT Shield

Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Act, 2003 (Act No. 53 of 2003)

Amended Codes of Good Practice (2013)

Amended Code Series 100: Measurement of the Ownership Element of Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment

Statement 100: The General Principles for Measuring Ownership

Key measurement principles

3.3 Flow-Through Principle


3.3 Flow-Through Principle


3.3.1 As a general principle, when measuring the rights of Ownership of any category of Black people in a Measured Entity, only rights held by natural persons are relevant. If the rights of Ownership of Black people pass through a juristic person, then the rights of Ownership of Black people in that juristic person are measurable. This principle applies across every tier of Ownership in a multi-tiered chain of Ownership until that chain ends with a Black person holding rights of Ownership.


3.3.2 The method of applying the Flow-Through Principle across one or more intervening juristic persons is as follows: Multiply the percentage of the Participant's rights of Ownership in the juristic persons through which those rights pass by the percentage rights of Ownership of each of those juristic persons successively to the Measured Entity; and The result of this calculation represents the percentage of rights of Ownership held by the Participant.