Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 (Act No. 51 of 1977)
Chapter 22 : Conduct of Proceedings
161. Witness to testify viva voce
|(1)||A witness at criminal proceedings shall, except where this Act or any other law expressly provides otherwise, give his evidence viva voce.|
|(2)||In this section the expression "viva voce" shall, in the case of a deaf and dumb witness, be deemed to include gesture-language and, in the case of a witness under the age of eighteen years, be deemed to include demonstrations, gestures or any other form of non-verbal expression.|
[Section 161(2) substituted by section 1 of Act No. 135 of 1991]
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