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Labour Relations Act, 1995 (Act No. 66 of 1995)

Chapter III : Collective Bargaining

Part B : Collective Agreements

23. Legal effect of collective agreement



(1) A collective agreement binds—
(a) the parties to the collective agreement;
(b) each party to the collective agreement and the members of every other party to the collective agreement, in so far as the provisions are applicable between them;
(c) the members of a registered trade union and the employers who are members of a registered employers' organisation that are party to the collective agreement if the collective agreement regulates :
(i) terms and conditions of employment; or
(ii) the conduct of the employers in relation to their employees or the conduct of the employees in relation to their employers;
(d) employees who are not members of the registered trade union or trade unions party to the agreement if :
(i) the employees are identified in the agreement;
(ii) the agreement expressly binds the employees; and
(iii) that trade union or those trade unions have as their members the majority of employees employed by the employer in the workplace.


(2) A collective agreement binds for the whole period of the collective agreement every person bound in terms of subsection (1)(c) who was a member at the time it became binding, or who becomes a member after it became binding, whether or not that person continues to be a member of the registered trade union or registered employers' organisation for the duration of the collective agreement.


(3) Where applicable, a collective agreement varies any contract of employment between an employee and employer who are both bound by the collective agreement.


(4) Unless the collective agreement provides otherwise, any party to a collective agreement that is concluded for an indefinite period may terminate the agreement by giving reasonable notice in writing to the other parties.