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Income Tax Act, 1962 (Act 58 of 1962)

Chapter II: The Taxes

Part I: Normal Tax

7C. Loan or credit advanced to a trust by a connected person

 

(1) This section applies in respect of any loan, advance or credit that—
(a) a natural person; or
(b) at the instance of that person, a company in relation to which that person is a connected person in terms of paragraph (d)(iv) of the definition of connected person,

directly or indirectly provides to—

(i)        a trust in relation to which—

(aa)        that person or company; or

(bb)        any person that is a connected person in relation to the person or company referred to in item (aa),

is a connected person; or

(ii)        a company if at least 20 per cent of—

(aa)        the equity shares in that company are held, directly or indirectly; or

(bb)        the voting rights in that company can be exercised,

by the trust referred to in subparagraph (i) or by a beneficiary of that trust.

[Words following subsection (1) amended by section 5(1)(a) of Act No. 17 of 2017]

 

(1A) If a person acquires a claim to an amount owing by a trust or a company in respect of a loan, advance or credit referred to in subsection (1), that person must for purposes of this section be treated as having provided a loan, advance or credit to that trust or company—
(a) on the date on which that person acquired that claim; or
(b) if that person was not a connected person on that date in relation to—
(i) that trust; or
(ii) the person who provided that loan, advance or credit to that trust or company,

on the date on which that person became a connected person in relation to that trust or person,

that is equal to the amount of the claim so acquired.

[Subsection (1A) inserted by section 5(1)(b) of Act No. 17 of 2017]

 

(2) No deduction, loss, allowance or capital loss may be claimed in respect of—
(a) a disposal, including by way of a reduction or waiver; or
(b) the failure, wholly or partly, of a claim for the payment,

of any amount owing in respect of a loan, advance or credit referred to in subsection (1).

 

(3) If a trust or company incurs—
(a) no interest in respect of a loan, advance or credit referred to in subsection (1) or subsection (1A); or
(b) interest at a rate lower than the official rate of interest,

an amount equal to the difference between the amount incurred by that trust or company during a year of assessment as interest in respect of that loan, advance or credit and the amount that would have been incurred by that trust or company at the official rate of interest must, for purposes of Part V of Chapter II, be treated as a donation made to that trust by the person referred to in subsection (1)(a) or subsection (1A) on the last day of that year of assessment of that trust.

[Subsection (3) amended by section 5(1)(c) of Act No. 17 of 2017]

 

(4) If a loan, advance or credit was provided by a company to a trust or another company at the instance of more than one person that is a connected person in relation to that company as referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection (1), each of those persons must be treated as having donated, to that trust or company, the part of that amount that bears to that amount the same ratio as the equity shares or voting rights in that company that were held by that person during that year of assessment bears to the equity shares or voting rights in that company held in aggregate by those persons during that year of assessment.

[Subsection (4) amended by section 5(1)(c) of Act No. 17 of 2017]

 

(5) Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply in respect of any amount owing by a trust or company during a year of assessment in respect of a loan, advance or credit referred to in subsection (1) if—
(a) that trust or company is a public benefit organisation approved by the Commissioner in terms of section 30(3) or a small business funding entity approved by the Commissioner in terms of section 30C;
(b) that loan, advance or credit was provided to that trust by a person by reason of or in return for a vested interest held by that person in the receipts and accruals and assets of that trust and—
(i) the beneficiaries of that trust hold, in aggregate, a vested interest in all the receipts and accruals and assets of that trust;
(ii) no beneficiary of that trust can, in terms of the trust deed governing that trust, hold or acquire an interest in that trust other than a vested interest in the receipts and accruals and assets of that trust;
(iii) the vested interest of each beneficiary of that trust is determined solely with reference and in proportion to the assets, services or funding contributed by that beneficiary to that trust; and
(iv) none of the vested interests held by the beneficiaries of that trust is subject to a discretionary power conferred on any person in terms of which that interest can be varied or revoked;
(c) that trust is a special trust as defined in paragraph (a) of the definition of a special trust;
(d) that trust or company used that loan, advance or credit wholly or partly for purposes of funding the acquisition of an asset and—
(i) the person referred to in subsection (1)(a) or the spouse of that person used that asset as a primary residence as contemplated in paragraph (b) of the definition of ‘primary residence’ in paragraph 44 of the Eighth Schedule throughout the period during that year of assessment during which that trust or company held that asset; and
(ii) the amount owed relates to the part of that loan, advance or credit that funded the acquisition of that asset;
(e) that loan, advance or credit constitutes an affected transaction as defined in section 31(1) that is subject to the provisions of that section;
(f) that loan, advance or credit was provided to that trust or company in terms of an arrangement that would have qualified as a sharia compliant financing arrangement as contemplated in section 24JA, had that trust or company been a bank as defined in that section;
(g) that loan, advance or credit is subject to the provisions of section 64E(4).
(h) that trust was created solely for purposes of giving effect to an employee share incentive scheme in terms of which—
(i) that loan, advance or credit was provided—
(aa) by a company to that trust; or
(bb) for purposes of funding the acquisition, by that trust, of shares in that company or in any other company forming part of the same group of companies as that company (hereinafter referred to as a 'scheme company');
(ii) equity instruments, as defined in section 8C, that relate to or derive their value from shares in a scheme company may be offered by that trust to a person solely by virtue of that person—
(aa) being in employment on a full-time basis with; or
(bb) holding the office of director of,

a scheme company; and

(iii) a person that is a connected person in terms of paragraph (d)(iv) of the definition of connected person in relation to any scheme company is not entitled to participate in that scheme.

[Subsection (5) amended by section 5(1)(d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) of Act No. 17 of 2017]

 

[Section 7C inserted by inserted by section 12(1) of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act, 2016 (Act No. 15 of 2016]