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Income Tax Act, 1962 (Act 58 of 1962)

Chapter II : The Taxes

Part I: Normal Tax

5. Levy of normal tax and rates thereof

 

(1) Subject to the provisions of the Fourth Schedule there shall be paid annually for the benefit of the National Revenue Fund, an income tax (in this Act referred to as the normal tax) in respect of the taxable income received by or accrued to or in favour of—
(a) [Paragraph (a) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act, 2002];
(b) [Paragraph (b) deleted by the Revenue Laws Amendment Act of 2003];
(c) any person (other than a company) during the year of assessment ending during the period of 12 months ending the last day of February, each year; and

[Paragraph (c) amended by section 4(1) of Act No. 13 of 2016]

(d) any company during every financial year of such company.

 

(1A) [Subsection (1A) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 7 of 2010]

 

(2)
(a) The Minister may announce in the national annual budget contemplated in section 27(1) of the Public Finance Management Act, 1999, (Act No. 1 of 1999), that, with effect from a date or dates mentioned in that announcement, the rates of tax chargeable in respect of taxable income will be altered to the extent mentioned in the announcement.
(b) If the Minister makes an announcement of an alteration contemplated in paragraph (a), that alteration comes into effect on the date or dates determined by the Minister in that announcement and continues to apply for a period of 12 months from that date subject to Parliament passing legislation giving effect to that announcement within that period of 12 months.

[Subsection (2) substituted by section 6(a) of the Taxation Laws Amendment Act, 2016 (Act No. 15 of 2016)]

 

(2A) [Subsection (2A) deleted by Revenue Laws Amendment Act No. 20 of 2006]

 

(2B) [Subsection (2B) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 8 of 2007]

 

(3) [Subsection (3) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 8 of 2007]

 

(4) [Subsection (4) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 8 of 2007]

 

(5) [Subsection (5) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 8 of 2007]

 

(6) [Subsection (6) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act No. 8 of 2007]

 

(7) [Subsection (7) deleted by the Taxation Laws Amendment Act, 2016 (Act No. 15 of 2016)]

 

(8) [Subsection(8) deleted by section 5 of Act 65 of 1973]

 

(9) For the purposes of subsection (10) "special remuneration" means any amount received by or accrued to any mineworker over and above his normal remuneration and any regular allowance, in respect of special services rendered by him (otherwise than in the course of his normal duties) in combating any fire, flood, subsidence or other disaster in a mine or in rescuing persons trapped in a mine or in performing any hazardous task during any emergency in a mine, if such services are rendered by him as a member of a team recognized by the management of the mine and the members of such team have been appointed for the purpose of rendering such services.

 

(10) Where any taxpayer’s income includes any special remuneration, or where the provisions of paragraph 15(3), 17 or 19(1) of the First Schedule are applicable in the case of the taxpayer in respect of any year of assessment, the normal tax (excluding tax on any lump sum benefit or severance benefit) payable by the taxpayer in respect of such year (as determined before the deduction of any rebate) shall be determined in accordance with the formula—

 

 

in which formula—

(a) ‘Y’ represents the amount of normal tax to be determined;
(b) ‘A’ represents the amount of normal tax (as determined before the deduction of any rebate) calculated at the full rate of tax chargeable for the said year in respect of taxable income equal to the amount represented by the expression ‘B + D − C’ in the formula;
(c) ‘B’ represents the taxpayer’s taxable income (excluding any lump sum benefit) for the said year;
(d) ‘C’ represents an amount equal to the sum of—
(i) the amount of any special remuneration (as defined in subsection (9)) which is included in the taxpayer’s income for the said year;
(ii) where the provisions of paragraph 15(3) of the First Schedule are in the case of the taxpayer applicable in respect of the said year, an amount determined in accordance with those provisions as being the amount, if any, by which the taxable income derived by the taxpayer during the said year from the disposal of plantations and forest produce exceeds the annual average taxable income derived by the taxpayer from that source over the three years of assessment immediately preceding the said year;
(iii) where the provisions of paragraph 17 of the First Schedule are in the case of the taxpayer applicable in respect of the said year, an amount equal to so much of the taxable income of the taxpayer for such year as has been derived from the disposal of sugar cane as a result of fire in the taxpayer’s cane fields and but for such fire would not have been derived by the taxpayer in that year; and
(iv) where the provisions of subparagraph (1) of paragraph 19 of the First Schedule are in the case of the taxpayer applicable in respect of the said year, the amount by which the taxpayer’s taxable income derived from farming for that year exceeds the taxpayer’s average taxable income from farming as determined in relation to that year in accordance with subparagraph (2) of the said paragraph; and
(e) ‘D’ represents an amount equal to so much of any current contribution to a pension fund, provident fund or retirement annuity fund as is allowable as a deduction in terms of section 11(k) solely by reason of the inclusion in the taxpayer’s income of any amount contemplated in paragraph (d)(i), (ii), (iii) or (iv):

[Paragraph (e) to be commenced: 1 March 2015]

Provided that in no case shall the amount of normal tax so payable be less than the amount of normal tax which would be chargeable at the relevant rate fixed in terms of subsection (2) in respect of the first rand of taxable income, and nothing in this section contained shall be construed as relieving any person from liability for taxation under this Act upon any portion of that person’s taxable income.