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Consumer Protection Act, 2008 (Act No. 68 of 2008)

Chapter 2 : Fundamental Consumer Rights

Part H : Right to fair value, good quality and safety

55. Consumer’s rights to safe, good quality goods



1) This section does not apply to goods bought at an auction, as contemplated in section 45.


2) Except to the extent contemplated in subsection (6), every consumer has a right to receive goods that—
a) are reasonably suitable for the purposes for which they are generally intended;
b) are of good quality, in good working order and free of any defects;
c) will be useable and durable for a reasonable period of time, having regard to the use to which they would normally be put and to all the surrounding circumstances of their supply; and
d) comply with any applicable standards set under the Standards Act, 1993 (Act No. 29 of 1993), or any other public regulation.


3) In addition to the right set out in subsection (2)(a), if a consumer has specifically informed the supplier of the particular purpose for which the consumer wishes to acquire any goods, or the use to which the consumer intends to apply those goods, and the supplier—
a) ordinarily offers to supply such goods; or
b) acts in a manner consistent with being knowledgeable about the use of those goods,

the consumer has a right to expect that the goods are reasonably suitable for the specific purpose that the consumer has indicated.


4) In determining whether any particular goods satisfied the requirements of subsection (2) or (3), all of the circumstances of the supply of those goods must be considered, including but not limited to—
a) the manner in which, and the purposes for which, the goods were marketed, packaged and displayed, the use of any trade description or mark, any instructions for, or warnings with respect to the use of the goods;
b) the range of things that might reasonably be anticipated to be done with or in relation to the goods; and
c) the time when the goods were produced and supplied.


5) For greater certainty in applying subsection (4)—
a) it is irrelevant whether a product failure or defect was latent or patent, or whether it could have been detected by a consumer before taking delivery of the goods; and
b) a product failure or defect may not be inferred in respect of particular goods solely on the grounds that better goods have subsequently become available from the same or any other producer or supplier.


6) Subsection (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to a transaction if the consumer—
a) has been expressly informed that particular goods were offered in a specific condition; and
b) has expressly agreed to accept the goods in that condition, or knowingly acted in a manner consistent with accepting the goods in that condition.