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Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act No. 108 of 1996)

Chapter 9 : State Institutions Supporting Constitutional Democracy

Public Protector

182. Functions of Public Protector


(1) The Public Protector has the power, as regulated by national legislation—
(a) to investigate any conduct in state affairs, or in the public administration in any sphere of government, that is alleged or suspected to be improper or to result in any impropriety or prejudice;
(b) to report on that conduct; and
(c) to take appropriate remedial action.


(2) The Public Protector has the additional powers and functions prescribed by national legislation.


(3) The Public Protector may not investigate court decisions.


(4) The Public Protector must be accessible to all persons and communities.


(5) Any report issued by the Public Protector must be open to the public unless exceptional circumstances, to be determined in terms of national legislation, require that a report be kept confidential.