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Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 1993 (Act No. 130 of 1993)

Notices

Notice on Compensation for Occupationally-Acquired Novel Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19)

Schedule A : Circular No. CF/03/2020

3. Diagnosis

 

3.1 Occupationally-acquired COVID-19 diagnosis relies on:

 

(a) Occupational exposure to a known source of COVID-19;
(b) A reliable diagnosis of COVID-19 as per the WHO guidelines;
(c) An approved official trip and travel history to countries and/or areas of high risk for COVID-19 on work assignment;
(d) A presumed high-risk work environment where transmission of COVID-19 is inherently prevalent; and
(e) A chronological sequence between the work exposure and the development of symptoms.

 

3.2 COVID-19 can be reliably diagnosed by:

 

(a) Sputum, nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swab specimen collected from all patients at admission tested by real time  polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for SARS-Cov-2 RNA performed within three hours of collection.

 

3.3 Occupations at Risk:

 

3.3.1 Very high exposure risk occupations

 

Very high exposure risk jobs are those with high potential for exposure to known or suspected sources of COVID-19 during specific medical, post mortem, or laboratory procedures. Workers in this category include:

 

(a) Healthcare workers (e.g. doctors, nurses, dentists, paramedics, emergency edical technicians) performing aerosol-generating procedures (e.g. intubation, cough induction procedures, bronchoscopies, some dental procedures and exams, or invasive specimen collection) on known or suspected COVID-19 patients.
(b) Healthcare or laboratory personnel collecting or handling specimens from known or suspected COVID-19 patients (e.g. manipulating cultures from known or suspected COVID-19 patients).
(c) Morgue workers performing autopsies, which generally involve aerosol-generating procedures, on the bodies of people who are known to have, or suspected of having, COVID-19 at the time of their death.

 

3.3.2 High exposure risk occupations

 

High exposure risk jobs are those with high potential for exposure to known or suspected sources of COVID-19 . Workers in this category include:

 

(a) Healthcare delivery and support staff (e.g. doctors, nurses, and other hospital staff who must enter patients rooms) exposed to known or suspected COVID-19 patients.

(Note: when such workers perform aerosol-generating procedures, their exposure risk level becomes very high.)

(b) Medical transport workers (e.g. ambulance personnel and porters) moving known or suspected COVID-19 patients in enclosed vehicles.
(c) Mortuary workers involved in preparing (e.g. for burial or cremation) the bodies of people who are known to have, or suspected of having COVID-19 at the time of their death.

 

3.3.3 Medium exposure risk occupations

 

Medium exposure risk jobs include those that require frequent and/or close contact with (i.e. within 2 meters of) people who may be infected with SARS-CoV-2, but who are not known or suspected COVID-19 patients. In areas without ongoing community transmission, workers in this risk group may have frequent contact with travellers who may return from international locations with widespread COVID-19 transmission.

 

In areas where there is ongoing community transmission, workers in this category may have contact with the general public (e.g. in schools, high-population-density work environments, such as labour centres, consulting rooms, point of entry personnel and some high-volume retail settings).

 

3.3.4 Low exposure risk occupations

 

Lower exposure risk (caution) jobs are those that do not require contact with people known to be, or suspected of being infected with Covid-19, nor frequent close contact with (i.e. within 2 meter of) the general public. Workers in this category have minimal occupational contact with the public and other co-workers.

 

3.3.5 The Medical Officers in the Compensation Fund will determine whether the diagnosis of Covid-19 was made according to acceptable medical standards.