Rental Housing Act, 1999 (Act No. 50 of 1999)
To define the responsibility of Government in respect of rental housing property; to create mechanisms to promote the provision of rental housing property; to promote access to adequate housing through creating mechanisms to ensure the proper functioning of the rental housing market; to make provision for the establishment of Rental Housing Tribunals; to define the functions, powers and duties of such Tribunals; to lay down general principles governing conflict resolution in the rental housing sector; to provide for the facilitation of sound relations between tenants and landlords and for this purpose to lay down general requirements relating to leases; to repeal the Rent Control Act, 1976; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
WHEREAS in terms of section 26 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 everyone has the right to have access to adequate housing;
AND WHEREAS the state must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to achieve the progressive realisation of this right;
AND WHEREAS no one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court made after considering all the relevant circumstances.
AND WHEREAS no legislation may permit arbitrary evictions;
AND WHEREAS rental housing is a key component of the housing sector;
AND WHEREAS there is a need to promote the provision of rental housing;
AND WHEREAS there is a need to balance the rights of tenants and landlords and to create mechanisms to protect both tenants and landlords against unfair practices and exploitation;
AND WHEREAS there is a need to introduce mechanisms through which conflicts between tenants and landlords can be resolved speedily at minimum cost to the parties;