Mine Health and Safety Act, 1996 (Act No. 29 of 1996)

Regulations

Chapter 8 : Machinery and Equipment

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8.1Air Compressors
 
1)The employer must ensure, in the case of air compressors with a free delivery in excess of 0.15 cubic metres per second and where compression takes place in the presence of lubricating oil, that the compressor is fitted with automatic means of limiting the operating temperature and pressure of the compressor to a safe level.

 

8.2Underground Railbound Transport
 

The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that:

1)the braking system of every locomotive or train is capable of stopping the locomotive or train within a safe distance under all operating conditions;
2)the braking system of every locomotive has passed a dynamic type test under full load conditions, before being used for the first time and after any brake design modifications;
3)the braking system of every locomotive has passed a static test before the locomotive is put into use at the commencement of each shift, after repairs and after adjustments;
4)a system is in place to alert persons to the presence and direction of travel of any locomotive or train;
5)a system is in place to assist the driver or operator of a locomotive or train to travel at a safe speed;
6)any rolling stock used for the transportation of persons is approved, by a competent person and is operated and maintained safely;
7)a system is in place that is capable of preventing any locomotive or train from inadvertently being set in motion.

 

8.3No person may board or alight from a locomotive or train while it is in motion.

 

8.4Scraper Winch and Mono-Rope Installation
 
1)The employer, at every mine where scraper-winches or mono-rope winches are operated, must take reasonable measures to prevent persons from being injured as a result of-
a)any person coming into contact with any moving part of a scraper winch or mono-rope winch installation or any equipment attached thereto; and
b)the scraper winch or mono-rope winch installation being unsafe.

 

2)The measures to be taken by the employer in terms of regulation 8.4(1) must include measures to ensure that-
a)scraper-winches and mono-rope winches are only operated by competent persons authorized by the employer to do so;
b)the scraper winch or mono-rope winch is not operated until it is examined and declared safe to operate by a person authorised to do so by the employer;
c)means are provided to forewarn persons of the intention to commence operating any scraper-winch or mono-rope winch;
d)means are provided for persons to signal to the operator, from any access point to the installation, to shut down the operation of the scraper-winch or mono-rope winch installation;
e)scraper winch and mono-rope winch ropes, scraper attachments and rope splicing are regularly inspected;
f)the scraper winch ropes are always underlay;
g)a written procedure is prepared and implemented for the installation of the winch system, covering at least-
i)the requirements of scraper and mono-winch foundations and installations;
ii)the crossover and anti-fouling arrangements of ropes from two or more winches;
iii)illumination of the moving parts of any winch so that they can be identified by persons;
iv)appropriate sheave and return pulley anchor and rigging arrangements, including the use of safety slings;
v)measures to- ensure that winch ropes are used within the design capacity;
vi)winch starter box location to ensure ease of operation by the operator; and
vii)the moving and transport of winches from one location to another.

 

8.5Lifting Equipment Regulations
 

Definitions

 

For purposes of regulation 8.5, unless the context otherwise indicates -

 

"Lifting equipment," means any equipment or machine or arrangement of equipment or machines intended or used for the lifting, lowering, suspension, or moving in suspension of any person or load.

"Lifting tackle," means any attachment, including anchoring points, used to secure lifting equipment or a load to lifting equipment.

 

1)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that no person is injured due to the failure of any lifting equipment or lifting tackle as a result of-
a)incorrect design for the intended application;
b)incorrect installation; or
c)insufficient maintenance.

 

2)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that the installation, use (including the transport of persons), maintenance, inspection, testing and keeping of records of lifting equipment and lifting tackle are done in accordance, with a written operating procedure prepared and implemented for that purpose.

 

3)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that -
a)only lifting equipment and lifting tackle with a minimum factor of safety of four (4) is used;
b)lifting equipment and lifting tackle are not used beyond their design capacity; and
c)the safe working load of any lifting equipment and lifting tackle is conspicuously and clearly marked or indicated thereon.

 

4)Notwithstanding regulation 8.5(2), the employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that the following lifting tackle has a minimum factor of safety of-
a)ten ( 10 ) for natural fiber ropes;
b)six (6) for steel wire ropes, man-made fiber ropes and textile webbing; and
c)four (4) for high tensile steel chains.

 

5)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that only persons authorised in writing by the employer to do so, operate lifting equipment and lifting tackle

 

6)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that the lifting equipment used at the mine is designed and manufactured in accordance with an appropriate standard,

 

Repeal

 

7)The following regulations promulgated under the Minerals Act, 1991(Act No:50 of 1991) in force in terms of Schedule 4 of the Act are hereby repealed.

 

Chapter 6

Chapter 16

Chapter 19

6.1.1

16.98

19.1

6.1.2

16.98.1

19.2.1

6.1.3

16.98.2

19.2.2

6.2.1

16.98.3

19.3.1

6.2.2

16.98.4

19.3.2

6.2.3

16.98.5

19.3.3

6.2.4

16.99

19.3.4

6.2.5

16.100

19.4

6.3.1

16.101

19.5

6.3.2.

16.102

19.6

6.3.2.1

16.103

 

6.3.2.6

16.103.1

 

6.3.2.7

16.103.2

 

6.3.2.8

16.104

 

6.3.2.12

 

 

6.3.3.1

 

 

6.3.3.2

 

 

6.3.3.3

 

 

6.3.3.4

 

 

6.3.3.5

 

 

6.3.3.6

 

 

6.9

 

 

6.11

 

 

 

8.6        Fans

 

Definitions

 

For purposes of regulation 8.6, unless the context otherwise indicates —

 

"booster fan" means a fan installed underground in the main air stream or in a split of the main air stream to assist the main fan to increase airflow and/or overcome resistance through a section of a mine.

 

"main fan" means a fan that controls the entire air flow of a mine, or the airflow of one or more of the major air circuits.

 

1)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that combustible materials, explosives or natural vegetation are not located so near to fan installations and its switch-gear used for underground ventilation, that if such combustible materials, explosives or natural vegetation catch fire, there is a significant risk to the supply of clean air to any underground working place as a result of—

(a)        the fan installation or its switch-gear being damaged; or

(b)        smoke or fumes being drawn into any working place.

 

2)The employer must ensure, where a significant risk of an explosion of flammable gas or coal dust exists, that measures are in place to ensure that there is always a supply of clean air to all underground working places. Such measures must include:

(a)        installing the main fan on surface;

(b)        providing an effective means of protecting the main fan against damage caused by explosion;

(c)        ensuring the main fan is readily accessible to effect emergency repairs; and

(d)        having a back up system in place to provide clean air should the main fan become inoperative.

 

3)        The employer must ensure, as far as reasonably practicable, that every main fan is provided with:

(a)        an automatic means of alerting a responsible person should it stop or cease to operate;

(b)        an effective means of giving early warning of defective operation;

(c)a power supply from two different sources or networks, which can include an emergency supply alternator / generator, for power supply in the event of an interruption to the normal power supply; and

(d)        an effective means for safe entrance to and exit (escape) from the main fan housing.

 

4)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that a competent person examines every main and booster fan for effective operation, internally and externally, together with all appurtenant components that are necessary for the operation of the fan, at intervals not exceeding three months, or any other lesser interval determined by the mine's hazard identification and risk assessment in terms of section 11.

 

5)The employer must keep records of all examinations conducted in terms of regulation 8.6(4), including remedial measures taken, for a period of at least the most recent ten years of the fan installation.

 

6)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that all main and booster fans are installed, operated and maintained in accordance with a written procedure prepared and implemented for that purpose.

 

[Regulation 8.6 inserted by Government Notice No. 911 of 2006, GG 29214]

 

8.7        Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Installations

 

1)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that all refrigeration or air-conditioning installations at the mine comply with the requirements of the South African Bureau of Standards Code of Practice - SANS 10147, "Refrigerating systems including plants associated with air-condition systems" (2002: 4th ed) with respect to its safety, construction, erection, operation, inspection and testing.

 

2)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that a competent person examines and operationally tests the entire refrigeration system as contemplated in SANS 10147, excluding pressure relief devices, at least once every 3 (three) months.

 

3)        Regulation 8.7(1) and 8.7(2) do not apply to any;

(a)        household refrigerator;

(b)        water cooler or similar equipment that contains less than 1kg of refrigerant;

(c)        unit type display counter or any commercial refrigerator that contains less than 15 kg of a group 1 refrigerant; and

(d)        refrigeration plant that requires a prime mover of less than 10 kW or less.

 

4)Despite Regulation 8.7(3) the clauses in SANA 10147 that refer to the Montreal Protocol apply to all air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment.

 

5)        The normative references in the above standard of SANS 10147 are not applicable to the employer.

 

Repeal

 

6)The following regulations made under the Minerals Act, 1991 (Act No. 50 of 1991) in force in terms of Schedule 4 of the Act are hereby repealed—

 

Chapter 10

Chapter 23

10.13

10.13.1

10.13.2

10.13.3

10.13.4

10.14

10.14.1

10.14.2

10.14.3

 

 

 

23.15.1

23.15.2

23.15.3

23.15.4

23.15.5

23.15.6

23.15.7

23.15.8

23.15.9

23.15.11

23.15.12

23.15.13

23.15.14

23.15.15

23.15.16

 

 

[Regulation 8.7 inserted by Notice No. 911 of 2006, GG 29214]

 

8.8General Machinery Regulations

 

1)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons from being injured as a result of them, the clothes being worn by them or any equipment being held by them coming into contact with or being drawn into any moving part of any machine.

 

2)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons from being injured because of any machinery failing as a result of-
a)incorrect design;
b)incorrect installation;
c)poor maintenance; or
d)incorrect use or non-compliance with proper operating or safety procedures.

 

3)The measures to be taken by the employer in terms of regulation 1 must include measures to ensure that-
a)only persons authorized by the employer to do so, start operate and maintain any machine where such starting, operation or maintenance may pose a significant risk to any person;
b)where the moving of machinery may pose a significant risk to any person, such machinery is only moved under the constant supervision of a competent person who is fully aware of the risks attached to such moving of the machinery;
c)only persons authorised by the employer to do so enter any area where machinery is operated, where such operation may pose a significant risk to any person;
d)machinery is only operated if all installed safety devices are operational and functional;
e)persons in close proximity to moving parts of machinery do not wear or are not permitted to wear clothing or anything else that can be caught in such moving parts;
f)where the unexpected moving of any machinery or any part of any machinery could pose a significant risk to any person, appropriate prestart warning devices, such as audible warning devices, the delay time must be determined by risk assessment with a minimum of a ten second time delay, are fitted to such machinery and used to warn persons that such machinery is about to be set in motion;
g)here there could be a significant risk to any person working on any machinery due to the release from such machine of any mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, chemical or other source of energy, a written lockout procedure is prepared and implemented to ensure that such source of energy is effectively locked out and de-energised before any person works on such machinery;
h)access scaffolding is erected, used, maintained and dismantled safely and in accordance with SANS Standard 10085-1:2004 "The design, erection, use and inspection of access scaffolding".
i)means are provided, on or in close proximity to any machine, to immediately remove the source of power to that machine in case of an emergency;
j)where the starting of machines are interlocked, no unintended starting of any of those machines can take place;
k)starting devices are so arranged that no accidental starting of machinery can take place;
l)and all electrical, pneumatic and hydraulic portable equipment are operated and maintained in a safe working order;

 

4)The measures to be taken by the employer to prevent any person from coming into contact with any moving part of machinery or any equipment attached thereto, must include-
a)effective physical barriers at the machinery such as screening, guarding or fencing; or
b)failsafe electric or electronic barriers interlocked with the machinery in such a way that the machinery would be stopped before persons come into contact with moving machinery or parts thereof; or
c)effective barriers at a safe distance away from any machinery.

 

5)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that:
a)when a compression ignition engine system is found to have any defect which may cause a significant risk to the safety or health of persons, the use of such engine system is discontinued immediately;
b)all services, maintenance and repairs to diesel-powered equipment are performed by a competent person;
c)all areas where diesel fuel is stored and where fuelling is carried out are clearly marked and that measures are in place to prevent spillage, contamination and fire, including that -
i)diesel engine fuel is delivered underground in such a way that no spillage takes place during delivery;
ii)when fuel is piped underground fuel delivery pipes are drained each time after use;
iii)fuel is stored underground only in non-flammable robust containers which do not leak; and
iv)the quantity of fuel stored underground is limited to 3 (three) day's estimated consumption.

 

6)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that every mobile diesel engine powered unit, when not in use, is kept at a location that is sufficiently ventilated to prevent a build up of diesel fumes in the air at that location sufficient to cause a significant risk when starting up that engine.

 

7)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that all areas where diesel fuel is stored are clearly indicated on the mine's rescue plan contemplated in regulation 17 (1 9).

 

8.9Conveyor Belt

 

Definitions

 

For purposes of regulation 8.9, unless the context otherwise indicates -

 

"conveyor 'belt installation" means a mechanical system used for the transportation of minerals, material, or persons on a belt.

"power supply" means any energy source feeding the drive motor of a conveyor belt installation

 

1)In compliance with regulation 8.8(1) the employer must ensure that -
a)a conveyer belt installation is not cleaned when any of its parts are in motion;
b)the power supply of a stationary conveyer belt installation is locked out during repairs, maintenance, routine cleaning and cleaning of spillage;
c)the driving machinery of the conveyor belt installation can be stopped by any person from any point, along its length where access to the belt is possible;
d)the driving machinery of the conveyor belt installation is stopped should the belt break, jam or slip excessively;
e)persons are prevented from entering any side of a conveyer belt installation where there is no walk way, unless means has been provided to do so safely;
f)one or more devices are fitted and used to give all persons at any point where access to the conveyer belt installation is possible sufficient prior warning for a period to be determined by the mines risk assessment with a minimum period of 10 seconds that any part of such a conveyer belt installation is about to be put into motion;
g)the take up or belt tensioning device will not move during repairs, routine cleaning, cleaning of spillage, maintenance or belt splicing;
h)where two or more conveyor belt installations are used in series, sequence interlocking is provided which automatically will-
aa)stop all conveyor belt installations feeding a belt conveyor that has stopped; and
bb)prevent a conveyor belt from starting until the conveyor belt onto which it feeds is moving;
i)only persons authorised to do so by the employer operate, maintain, clean and repair a conveyor belt installation;
j)the belt of any conveyor belt installation cannot run away; and
k)the overall structural design of every conveyor belt installation is approved by a competent person.

 

2)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons from being injured by material or mineral falling from a conveyor belt installation, which measures must include the fitting and use of one or more devices to prevent run-back or run-on; when such conveyor belt installation is stopped;

 

3)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons from being exposed to flames, fumes or smoke arising from a conveyor belt installation catching fire, including instituting measures to prevent, detect and combat such fires.

 

4)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons from being injured as a result of the breaking, misalignment or damage of a conveyor belting due to any mineral, material or coal dust accumulating on or around the moving parts of any conveyor belt installation.

 

5)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to prevent persons at or near conveyor belt installations from being injured due to lightning directly or indirectly striking the installation.

 

6)The employer must take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that the use, operation and inspection of man-riding conveyors comply with SANS 10266: 2006 - Edition 1 "The safe use, operation and inspection of man-riding belt conveyors in mines".

 

7)The normative references in SANS 10266: 2006 are not applicable to the employer.

 

8)The employer must take reasonable measures to ensure that the functionality of the devices contemplated in regulation 8.9(1)(f) and (g) and of any other safety devices relating to the conveyor belt installation are tested weekly.

 

9)The employer must ensure that a written procedure is prepared and implemented for conveyor belt splicing, joining and repairing and for the safe use of chemicals during such splicing, joining and repairing.